Pythagoras, believed to have introduced the concept of reincarnation into Greek thought, had previously studied in Egypt, as the Greek historian Herodotus (5th century BC) testified, “Named ka” of a number of three pharaohs Egyptians also reflect the belief in the rebirth: the name ka of Amonemhat I was “The Repeater”; Senusert I’s ka’s name could be translated as “The One whose births are alive,” and Setehki’s ka’s name was “The Birth Repeater”. Pharaohs sometimes claimed to have more than one lonely, claiming to have multiple ees, identities, personalities, etc. This suggests that they actually stated, like current Orientals in the erection, that they were reminding their past lives and identities.
In what some consider to be the oldest Egyptian text that addresses the post-death existence of the Book of Two Horses, the deceased reaches a space where two roads are awaiting him. Both, the text says, finally lead to the same destination – the salas of the gods – but each one follows a different route and involves different experiences along the way. The longest path to Earth – “Osiris’s cyclical path” – takes much more time, involving multiple cycles or incarnations, and the shortest, called the Horus’ Road, required the individual to pass through the fire, but this was a much shorter route to “life with the gods.”
Some elements of the funeral prayer of the “opening of the mouth” in the Egyptian Book of the Dead recall reincarnation. The Sacred Father who plays the role of Horus, while the deceased embodies Osiris – Horus’s father and predecessor. In the ritual, the priest addresses the deceased with the words: “I came to embrace you, I am your son, Horus.” Then he opened his eyes and the mouth of the repudiate, and then he said, “I fixed for you the two jaws on your face, which was divided into two parts.”
The scene would have more meaning if there was a person in her center who is trying to retreat her self from the past. “The face of the previous life, or the subjective identity, would indeed be” divided into two parts, “when ka and ka would separate from one another. If Osiris represented the previous incarnation of the individual, and Horus the present one, the father-son relationship within this ritual would make sense, especially if the current incarnation, Horus, is trying to retreat, to return to life the self of life “opening the eyes and mouth” of his or her dead predecessor.