Heart disease is the most widely spread cause of death in the modern world, in both men and women.
A study conducted in the United States in 2012 revealed heart disease, and most exactly strokes as the number one cause of death, the cases of death by stroke outnumbering by far deaths caused by far more serious conditions.
What is most tragic about this statistics is that a heart disease can be treated and kept under control with the proper changes to one’s diet and way of life. Doctors state that, in most cases, heart strokes leading to death could have been prevented by a combination of adequate medication and a healthier life style.
The secret in dealing with the potential development of heart disease later on in life is prevention. Even people with a family history of such problems can adopt a life style that greatly reduces the threat . This few, important precautions also work to reduce the risk of stroke in people already suffering of heart disease.
1. Smoking: Smoking is one of the main risks factors in concern with developing heart disease. The chemicals that are used in the production of commercial tobacco narrow artheries, leading to a medical condition named atherosclerosis that is known to lead to heart attack. The nicotine intake also represents a risk factor as it forces the heart to overwork by narrowing the blood vessels and thus increasing blood pressure.
Smoking is especially dangerous in women over 35 who also take birth control pills.
2. Exercise: Daily exercise works in two separate directions to prevent heart disease. On the one hand, movement keeps the heart active and strong, on the other, exercising increases fitness and reduces overall weight which is a known factor in developing heart conditions. Exercising doesn’t necessarily need to mean going to the gym. For the elderly even daily choirs such as taking the dog out for a walk, housekeeping, gardening or always taking the stairs can make a difference.
3. Diet: Fat, cholesterol and salt are the main diet concerns when it comes to the treatment and prevention of heart disease. It’s very important to limit the intake of saturated and trans fat such as:
- red meat
- dairy products
- fast foods or deep fried foods
On the other hand, Omega -3 acids that are a type of polyunsaturated fats decrease the risk of heart attack, irregular heartbeat or blood pressure that is too low. Omega -3 is found in fish, especially fat ones such as salmon or mackerel but also in soybean oil, canola and walnut oil. There are also Omega-3 supplements that can be taken for this purpose.