Stonehenge between Myth and Truth

Stonehenge is in the Salisbury Plain of Willshire County, England. The entire area is renowned for its mystical connotations and abundance of energy lines. Moreover, it is widely accepted that Stonehenge is a kind of center, comparable to the wheat field circle phenomenon.

Stonehenge was built in three epochs. In the first phase, around 3000 BC, a ditch was dug around the site and a wave of two meters high and 100 meters in diameter was formed. Inside this wave of earth were dug 56 superficial pits to be later refilled. The first stone was erected, the “Hellstone”, which was positioned so as to mark the sunrise axis at the summer solstice. There were two smaller stones at the entrance, after which 40 wooden poles were fixed in such a way as to mark the position of the sun.

Approximately 2000 BC, an access path has been created to River Avon. The builders brought each stone, weighing over four tons, southwest of Wales. In order to reach their destination, they had to travel 3 80 kilometers on land and on water. With stones brought along this path, two circles were formed inside the site. It is believed that those who lifted the two circles of the complex did not finish it, because they were still planning to place a third circle, the most impressive. Its lifting began approximately in 1900 BC, with the selection of 75 huge blocks of a particular stone found in Avebury, a town 32 kilometers distant from where the pyramids arose. To the point where they were raised and fixed, the stone blocks – which were about 5 meters long and weighed up to 25 tonnes – were transported using a log and string system that functioned as a sort of conveyor belt. The architectural details that have been taken into account when building this complex are phenomenal. For example, let us mention the upper limit of the pillars that constitute a perfectly arched upper threshold. It is amazing how every circle, every stone in this complex has a particular place chosen to indicate the exact position of the sun and the moon at a certain time.

The site was frequently visited until roughly 1000 BC although it is still not known precisely what it is. No concrete answer to this dilemma could be given because there were not enough clues during archaeological research in the area. Some specialists are of the opinion that precisely this lack of historical clues suggests that the structure was a temple or a sacred place. Many of the other 900 stone circles found in the UK had different destinations, most of them meeting places, as indicated by the remains found on the site. Referring to the damage suffered by the Stonehenge complex to its size, we come to the conclusion that it was of particular importance. For the Breton of antiquity the stone blocks of which the complex was made were of great value; They were brought just from Wales, and they were ideal for a temple.

Consideration was also given to the possibility that this complex was used as a place to carry out the incineration ceremonies, as during the archaeological researches in the area of the first circle there were discovered 56 deepest pits containing human burnt remnants. Also there were discovered, scattered nearby, but outside the complex, containers of the Bronze Age.

Since the connection of the Stonehenge complex with the major astronomical events is evident, all sorts of theories have begun to emerge. It has been suggested that it has been used as an astronomical observer, or as a giant calendar. In 1963, an astronomer at the University of Boston, Gerald S. Hawkins, published a book entitled “Stonehenge Decoded”. In this paper he claimed that a computer demonstrated that Stonehenge marks more astronomical alignments. He went with the suppositions even further and said that Stonehenge was a computer in itself. According to his theory, the Breton of antiquity created this special complex to investigate the stars and calculate the following eclipses. In the opinion of specialists, Gerald S. Hawkins did not discover the true finality of the Stonehenge complex.

Because in the seventeenth century there was no way to determine the exact age of the complex, historians thought Stonehenge was built by the ancient Celtic priests, but he has about 1,000 years more. Unfortunately, the Celtic descendants, the druids, considered it their right to carry out their rituals on the premises, and precisely at that time the most damage to the complex occurred. Right now, such ceremonies are no longer allowed.

Unfortunately, in the past hundreds of years many stones have been stolen, damaged, or simply have fallen, and restoration efforts have not resulted in the expected results. However, the magic of the place has not disappeared. One of the legends about this place says that Merlin, the most famous wizard in England, with his powers laid the stones where we see them today. It is a story that preserves the connection between complex and traditional mythology.

Stonehenge’s destination could be much simpler than the researchers imagine with their complicated minds.

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